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什麼是失智症 What is Dementia
    失智症不是單一項疾病,而是一群症狀的組合,它的症狀不單純只有記憶力的減退,還會影響到其他認知功能,包括有認知功能、語言能力、空間感、計算力、判斷力、抽象思考能力、注意力等各方面的功能退化,同時可能出現干擾行為、個性改變、妄想或幻覺等症狀,這些症狀的嚴重程度足以影響其人際關係與工作能力。又以阿茲海默症、路易氏體失智症、額顳葉型失智症、帕金森氏症以上四種最為常見。

 

          According to the Alzheimer's Association, dementia is not a specific disease. It's an overall term that describes a group of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to reduce a person's ability to perform everyday activities. The most common types of dementia are Alzheimer's disease, dementia with Lewy Bodies, Frontotemporal dementia and Parkinson's disease. Generally, it will affect the patient's cognitive ability, language proficiency, calculations, judgment, abstract thinking, concentration and many more. Additionally, symptoms like obstructive behaviors, change in personality, delusions or hallucinations might also occur. These symptoms could possibly affect the patient's interpersonal relationships and work abilities in a negative way.

 

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