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分類清單
研究效益 Research Objectives

1. 認知與心智科學中心宗旨在於跨領域整合,結合生物與生命科學、心理學、認知與神經科學等,在人、腦與心智方面深入研究,目標為何?

長久以來,知覺、學習、記憶等心智活動皆是人們渴望理解的問題,20世紀初時,生物、生命科學以及心理學等學科開始發展,帶動了神經細胞的結構功能的理解、血液動力論等發展,心理學則建立許多認知模型,直至20世紀末,前述理論搭配物理和工程的發展,發明許多腦影像技術,提供科學家以腦部活動研究人類認知歷程的嶄新途徑,使各項認知模型以及假設能夠取得更進一步的科學驗證。 21世紀,心智科學的理論以及方法的突破,並不如過去,由單一學問閉門造車可取得,相反的,需要透過整合各個領域的經驗和專業,才能在更為宏觀的議題中得到更為深入且精確的答案,認知與心智科學中心便是期盼透過各領域的整合,邀請校內外醫學、心理學、生命科學、社會科學和工程學專家共同合作,創新研究主題和技術,開發有系統性的疾病與認知功能研究方法,並且期望能夠應用於解決現代人類所面對的各項問題上,諸如壓力排解、記憶力保持、語言能力提升以及老年保健等等。同時我們也希望藉由研究和醫療的結合,讓原本健保無法長期執行認知復健的病患,能有另一個訓練和復原的機會 

  

2. 在認知與心智科學中心裡,人文社會科學扮演什麼樣的角色?

本中心期望將心智科學的成果推廣至社會大眾,並且解決現代「人」所面對的諸多問題,因此在進行科學研究時,抱持「以人為本」的觀念便十分的重要,人文社會科學是直接研究「人」的學問, 關注的範疇包含語言、哲學、學習以及社會變遷等議題,人文社會科學在本中心所扮演的角色便是連結科學技術以及人文,從人文中找尋問題,從科學技術中指引答案,使得科學所得到的不再如教條般冰冷,而具有支持人類生活的溫度,拉近科學與生活之間的距離。

  

3. 目前認知與心智科學中心的研究成果在實務上如何應用?有哪些成果?

本中心實務應用在於語言治療、老人知能提昇以及頭部創傷後復建,其中語言治療的部分,本中心引進外國的旋律語調治療法,並且與各大醫院合作,替失語症病患量身訂做療程,並且追蹤復健前後行為表現的變化以及使用核磁共振造影追蹤腦神經變化。此外,也積極將國外證明有效之認知復健遊戲和課程引進國內,期望將此認知復健技術用於頭部創傷後患者的復健以及老年人的認知能力保健等。由於語言治療成效卓越,本中心曾應長庚中風中心邀請,為失語症患者以及家屬建議可在家歌唱練習之活動,回響熱烈。

另外,本中心也積極的培養研究人才,先後選派醫療和研究人員至國外研究交換以及選派優秀學生至國外知名學校如耶魯、約翰斯霍普金斯、西北大學交換,期望透過國際交流,提高我國認知神經研究以及認知復健的技術。

除了學術的研究之外,本中心也致力於將神經科學的新知以及自我醫療保健的概念推廣於社會大眾,因此創立中心電子報、臉書以及參與演講和廣播節目,推廣科學新知,以及銀髮族智能保健活動,教育大眾自我保健防止失智症的發生。

近期本中心正在籌畫研討會以及工作坊,期望透過跨區域院校的神經認知研究群以及各鄰近醫院和的交流,提深合作的深度和廣度。

  

4. 認知與心智科學中心與他校類似研究領域的研究中心(如台大神經生物與認知科學研究中心、成大心智影響研究中心),最大不同點在於?

他校的認知科學中心,以儀器的借用、操作以及分析之訓練和合作為主,宗旨往往在於研究產出以及研究人才的培訓,因此其課程的主要對象大多是學術圈內的研究人員。本中心除培養儀器操作與分析人才外,也重視培養能夠從事實務復健訓練技術之人才,讓參與學生受到跨領域實務訓練而增加知識技能之廣度與深度,才能在現今高挑戰的國際社會上立足,並且秉持著善盡社會責任,以人為本的理念,開辦以一般民眾和醫護社工人員為對象的推廣教育課程如認知復健班、和瑜伽班,期望將心智保健的重要性和執行方式推廣至普羅大眾

  

5. 未來認知與心智科學中心期望達成的目標?

未來本中心期望更加擴大合作醫院的範圍,擴展中風語言治療、老人智能提昇以及腦傷認知復健研究的區域廣度,同時也歡迎社區群眾若家中有受到中風後失語症、健康或輕微認知退化之長者、腦傷後認知功能下降者,聯絡本中心本中心將提供相關認知復健課程以及腦造影追蹤,並搭配主治醫師照顧。此外,本中心發現先前國內之電腦認知保健遊戲對老年人或病患而言較不友善,因此本中心也期望未來能夠發展結合動作與認知功能訓練的保健遊戲和課程, 更符合老年人和病患的需求,我們教導之技巧也能實際應用於生活,提昇生活品質、心靈素質和情緒管理的能力

 

 

English Version:

1. NTHU Center for Cognition and Mind Sciences aims to achieve interdisciplinary integration of different areas like biology and life sciences, psychology, cognition, and neuroscience. Research of the center focuses on human, brain, and mind. What are the goals of these studies?

 

 Consciousness, learning, and memory have always been topics everyone desires to understand. The rise of biology, life sciences and psychological studies started in the early 20th century, this also leads to the development of hemodynamics and humans’ understanding of the structural function of neurons. As for the psychological field, many cognitive models were built at that time. These cognitive models and hypotheses were further investigated scientifically in the late 20th century, with the help of the invention and maturity of brain imaging technology. In the 21st century, we can no longer expect to obtain new theories and methods using old practices. Instead, we must combine all experiences and expertise from various areas, only then can we get a much precise solution from a macroscopic issue. The Center for Cognition and Mind Sciences wish to innovate current research and technology and to construct a systematic research method for diseases and cognitive functions that target problems like stress reduction, memory retention, improving language ability and elderly care. Therefore, we facilitate interdisciplinary integrations by inviting experts from various fields to work together. In addition to this, we hope patients who are unable to receive long-term cognitive rehabilitation therapy from their health insurance could be benefited by this integration.

 

 

2. What role do humanities and social sciences play in the Center for Cognition and Mind Sciences?

 

“People-oriented principles” is the key concept of our center. We hope to spread the results of mind sciences to the common people and solve their problems. Humanities and social sciences study the sophistication of human beings, including language, philosophy, learning and social change. The role it plays in this center is to connect both humanities and technology aspects—discover problems from humanities, seek for answers in science and technology. All in all, humanities and social sciences make scientific knowledge more approachable and accessible to commoners.

 

 

3. Currently, what are the research results obtained by the Center for Cognition and Mind Sciences? How will they be applied practically?

 

The center emphasizes practical applications on speech and language therapy, strengthening elderly competence and head injury recovery. Particularly, we introduce melodic intonation therapy into Taiwan as one of the treatments of speech and language therapy. We are able to customize treatments for aphasia patients, and keep track of their behavioral change and check for neurological change using NMRI through our collaboration with hospitals. Moreover, by introducing effective cognitive rehabilitation games and courses from abroad, they could be of help to brain injury patients and elderly cognitive care. Due to the effectiveness of speech and language therapy, we had been invited by Linkou Chang Gung Memorial Hospital Stroke Center to promote in-home singing exercises to aphasia patients and their family.

     Besides, our center actively participates in nurturing researchers. We have sent medical professionals and researchers abroad for exchange. Excellent students could also get an opportunity to exchange to elite universities like Yale University, Johns Hopkins University, and Northwest University. The purposes are to improve cognitive neurological research and cognitive rehabilitation technology in Taiwan by learning from foreign experts.

     Other than academic research, one of our main objectives is to popularize neurological science and the concept of self-healthcare to the public. Hence, we have established our own newsletter, Facebook community and taken part in seminars and broadcasts. Our ultimate goal is to educate the people on neurological science so that geriatric symptoms like dementia could be prevented.

     Recently, the center has been arranging a few seminars and workshops. We expect to innovate our collaborations with other institutions and hospitals through an open exchange of knowledge and ideas.

 

 

4. How is NTHU Center for Cognition and Mind Sciences different from similar research centers of other universities? (eg. Neurobiology and Cognitive Science Center of NTU, Mind Research and Imaging Center of NCKU)

 

The most significant difference is that other research centers primarily focus on the operation of equipment, analysis training, and collaborations. Their aim is to train researchers who will then carry out research, therefore current researchers in the academia are their main course participants. On the other hand, our center values the importance of nurturing rehabilitation professionals who are clinically experienced. We think that taking part in interdisciplinary practices are crucial for elevating student’s knowledge and techniques as this could lead to their future contributions to the society and make them shine internationally.

 

 

5. What are the future goals and prospects of the Center for Cognition and Mind Sciences?

 

There are some expectations that we envision—increase and expand our depth and breadth in various aspects, such as hospital collaborations, speech and language therapy after stroke, elderly intelligence improvement, and brain injury rehabilitation research. Patients who have aphasia after stroke, mild degeneration in health and cognition, or facing a drop in cognitive ability due to brain injuries are welcome to contact us, we will provide relevant courses and imaging technology to track the brain and assign a doctor to keep track of the patient